Ammonia is produced by combining hydrogen with nitrogen at high temperature and pressure. The main source of hydrogen is natural gas, while nitrogen is extracted from the air.
Ammonia is the key raw material for organic fertilizer production and more than 80% of the world’s ammonia is used as the main intermediate product in the production of nitrogen-based fertilizers.
​Ammonia is also used in the production of industrial products such as nitric acid and organic amines. A large and growing application for ammonia is the catalytic removal of nitrous oxides from the flue gasses of coal-fired power plants and waste incinerators. Other applications include use in refrigerant gas, treatment of water and waste water, and in the manufacturing of plastics, textiles, pesticides, dyes and various other chemicals.
Ammonia Fact Sheet​ Ammonia Fact Sheet
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